Harry Redknapp believes that Tottenham Hotspur will finish in the Premier League’s top four this season. Spurs are currently sitting three points behind fourth-placed Manchester United, having suffered their first defeat since the opening day at the hands of Newcastle United last weekend.But, with champions Chelsea struggling towards the wrong end of the table, Redknapp fully expects Mauricio Pochettino to do what he did in 2009-10 and lead the club into Europe’s elite competition.“They’re going very well at the moment and I can certainly seeing them getting in the top four this year,” said the ex-White Hart Lane boss, speaking on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast.“The way they’re going this year, I don’t see them being out of that four.“They’re never going to get a better chance with Chelsea struggling.”
Singer Kerry Stamp will perform at Carnegie Hall in New York.A young Carndonagh woman is creating ripples in New York.Kerry Stamp from Bridge Street in the Inishowen town, is one of the students from Ulster University Choir chosen to perform at the world famous Carnegie Hall in New York.“It’s so exciting and an honour to be picked for this trip. Most singers dream would be to sing on stage in Carnegie Hall so for this dream to become a reality.” This six day trip is in conjunction with royal composer Paul Mealeor, who composed music for Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall and Prince William and Catherine Duchess of Cambridge.Kerry is no stranger to singing on big occasions. At eight years of age she performed for President Mary McAleese in Dublin as part of the Royal Irish Academy of Music High Achievers Awards.She also sang for former American President Bill Clinton when he visited Derry two years ago. Another highlight was going to London with the University and singing at the Royal Albert Hall for renkowned BBC special ‘Night at the Proms.’ Kerry has also performed at Stormont Parliament Building.Kerry began singing at three years of age when she went to Vera Butler’s singing lessons in the Colgan Hall. Kerry says Vera was instrumental in nurturing her singing career.“Vera Butler without doubt has been a massive influence in my life. She gave me a love for music and singing and was totally dedicated to getting the most from you.”Kerry also won numerous Féis competitions in Derry, Carndonagh and Moville. She has also taken part in many concerts and has sang at several local weddings. However Carnegie Hall must certainly be seen as the pinnacle so far.As well as performing at Carnegie Hall the choir are also performing at the Irish Embassy in New York.SINGER KERRY PUTS HER ‘STAMP’ ON NEW YORK’S CARNEGIE HALL! was last modified: February 12th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CarndonaghCarnegie HalldonegalKerry Stamp
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2“I think that anything short of that recommendation – and a sizeable recommendation, not a split decision – it does not bode well for the mayor taking over, and that recommendation is not there right now,” said Commissioner Ed Burke, chief of staff for school board member Jon Lauritzen. In a phone interview, Villaraigosa refused to speculate about the commission’s recommendation, but said he hoped for its support. “I’ve said from the beginning that this was going to be an uphill battle, that there’s an entrenched bureaucracy that’s worked hard to defend the status quo. “I’m hoping that this commission will focus on what we do agree on, and that is we need more local control, parents and teachers making more decisions, and principals who are more collaborative and responsible for results,” he said. The advisory commission was created in April 2005 by Jose Huizar and Alex Padilla, who at the time were presidents of the school board and City Council, respectively, and now serve together on the council. After a year of study, a prestigious commission on educational reform remains deeply divided over whether the Mayor’s Office should control Los Angeles Unified, dashing Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa’s hope of finding critical support for his takeover plan. The Presidents’ Joint Commission on LAUSD Governance is expected to issue its final recommendations by the end of June – when the mayor will seek legislation that would strip the elected school board of much of its authority and allow Villaraigosa to name an education czar to run the nation’s second-largest school district. The commission’s split comes as LAUSD officials mount a coordinated campaign against the plan by Villaraigosa, who also has met resistance from the City Council, state legislators and teachers unions. While the board’s 30 appointees reached consensus last week on decentralization, it remains split on the fundamental issue of mayoral control. The 30 members – appointed by the council and school board – are charged with recommending whether the 727,000-student district should be subdivided, placed under the authority of the mayor or have full-time board members. The hope is that a change in governance would improve student achievement and lower LAUSD’s high dropout rates, increase parental participation and make schools safer. Its recommendations are nonbinding. Over the past year, national and local education and governance experts have testified in front of the independent commission, which has held community meetings to seek the public’s input. “This commission is extremely credible. It is very representative of the communities served by the LAUSD,” said Bill Mabie, a Padilla spokesman. “I think the expectation is their recommendations are going to be taken very seriously because they’ve taken their time to do their homework on the issue.” As the debate over LAUSD’s future has become increasingly politicized, Huizar has voiced support for mayoral takeover, while Padilla has registered his opposition to it. Sources say other commission members are similarly split. There does seem to be consensus – one supported by teachers and parents groups – for increased decentralization and greater local control, hallmarks of the mayor’s reform proposal. During a meeting Thursday, for instance, the commission voted to recommend that responsibility for budgets, personnel issues and lesson plans be shifted from district headquarters to individual schools. Commission co-chair Maria Casillas said the members must decide in the coming weeks who would best reform and improve the district – a mayor or a school board. “The commission is split because some people want the mayor’s involvement by invitation or at the option of the school board. That, to me, is the status quo,” said Casillas, a Villaraigosa ally. “I don’t think we’ll ever just go back to the status quo because the mayor has pushed the conversation. In the final analysis, it’s whether each of these commissioners can trust the present governance system – which has a poor track record around decentralization – to allow decentralization to flourish.” It could be nothing more than another bump in the road if Villaraigosa does not get a resounding show of support by the commission, political consultant Rick Taylor said. “It certainly wouldn’t be helpful, but it doesn’t kill the mayor’s plan at all. It would be better for the mayor to have full support from everybody for his plan,” he said. “I’m sure people who are critical of the mayor’s plan are going to use this as another tool to try to harm him from achieving his goal.” If the Legislature ultimately puts the issue before voters, Taylor said, the mayor’s reform proposal will succeed. “When you’ve got 30 years of failure to look at, I think the mayor still prevails. I think he needs to intensify his message, maybe rethink their process internally and get people engaged. And I think in the long run, he’ll be successful.” In May, the City Council showed how deeply split it is on the issue. And while Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has endorsed Villaraigosa’s plan, the mayor faces an uphill battle against the California Teachers Association, the California School Boards Association and United Teachers Los Angeles. He also will have to overcome resistance in the Legislature, among Democrats and Republicans. “I’m moving ahead in the Legislature,” Villaraigosa said, “and I certainly want to work with the commission.” email@example.com (818) 713-3722160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Harry Kane has targeted a century of Premier League goals as he closes in on defending the Golden Boot.The Tottenham striker hit four in Spurs’ 6-1 win at Leicester on Thursday to move two clear of Romelu Lukaku in the race to be this season’s top scorer.Kane has 26 league goals, including eight in his last seven appearances, with Everton’s Lukaku on 24 ahead of Sunday’s final games of the season.Runners-up Tottenham go to Hull, with Kane having scored 70 times in his last 90 top-flight appearances to take his overall tally to 75 goals.And the England forward is hoping it will not be too long before he hits three figures.“I think I said to someone the other day it would be great if I can get to that 100 club by the end of next season,” Kane said.Only 26 players in Premier League history have reached 100 goals.“I am on 75 in the league and if there is another season like this then hopefully I can get to the 100. It would be a fantastic achievement,” Kane added.“I think there were three games I did not score in (at the start of the season) and then I went on a good run.“The biggest thing I’m proud of is that I had two big injuries and was out for 11 weeks so to still be there at the top of the Premier League and to score 30-plus goals (across all competitions) is a big achievement.“Hopefully next season I can get off in the first game, get a couple of goals and go from there.”Kane scored 25 goals last season to claim the Golden Boot, as Tottenham finished third, having netted 21 times in 2014-15.Lukaku’s Everton go to Arsenal this weekend and Kane believes his rival would have watched him score four with envy.The 23-year-old said: “I am sure he is not too happy. But there is still one game to go and I’m sure he’s determined to score a hat-trick on Sunday. They have a tough game against Arsenal.“We have Hull away and I’m looking to get a couple of goals. So there is still all to play for in my eyes but I could not have dreamt of scoring four. It is the first time I’ve scored four goals in my professional career. To do that is amazing.” Harry Kane has scored 26 goals this season, and currently leads the race for the Golden Boot 1
ADVICE Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? REVEALED And despite the loss to City, Rice still impressed, with Pep Guardiola saying afterwards: “Declan Rice is an excellent young player and he will be a top English player for many years to come.”United’s interest comes at a time when Jose Mourinho is less than impressed with the desire of his current players.After watching his side draw 0-0 with Crystal Palace, he said: “My feeling is that there was not enough from the heart, it was played with brain and also with heart, I think not enough heart.” REPLY BEST OF Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won shining REVEALED Manchester United scouts were at the London Stadium on Saturday to watch Declan Rice.Man United have been linked with a move for the player before, but, according to The Metro, the 4-0 defeat to Manchester City was the first time representatives have watched the West Ham teenager in person.The 19-year-old is yet to agree a new contract, with the player’s current deal expiring in 2020.Losing a player who has been with the club since school would add to the frustration many Hammers fans currently feel at the moment.Rice spent most of last season as a centre-back, but manager Manuel Pellegrini has pushed the teenager further forward into midfield this term where he has been one of the team’s better players. Most Popular Football News MONEY Pep Guardiola praised Declan Rice after Manchester City’s win against West Ham Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury huge blow Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade no dice Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card Rice has been at the club since Chelsea let him go when he was 14 and despite talks over a new deal stalling, wants to stay.“I want to sign for West Ham and I think it is going to happen,” he told The Times. “Playing every week is what is best for me at the moment and hopefully the contract can come soon.”He reportedly earns around £3,000-a-week and an offer from the club that would see his basic pay packet rise to £15,000 was turned down. Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ RANKED 1 Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions
A Judge has told a well-known football referee he made the worst investment of his life after paying €150 for a bogus driving license.Mervyn Stewart was stopped by Gardai at Coneyburrow Road in Lifford on December 23rd, 2012.Gardai suspected the license produced by Stewart was a fake but he denied the claim. When Gardai contacted Donegal County Council, it said it had no record of Stewart’s license.Solicitor Kieran Dillon told the court that Stewart, 56, from 354 Grahamsland, Castlefin, had worked as a barman and was told he could get a fake driving license for €150 which he did.Mr Dillon said his client had possessed a number of provisional licenses but was off the road for a while.When he went back on the road he was “overwhelmed” by the thought of sitting theory tests and new legislation so he bought the fake license.Letterkenny District Court heard today how Stewart is a 56 year old married father of three who is well-known in the community.He is a junior referee and does a lot of work in the community and is very embarrassed by what happened.He is a member of the local tidy town’s group and is also involved in the local drama group.The court heard the accused was insured but because his license was forged, the insurance company Zurich cancelled his policy.“It will rank as one of the worst investment in his life,” said Judge Paul Kelly.He fined Stewart €150 for having a false document and a further €250 for having no insurance.RED CARD FOR REFEREE WHO HAD FORGED DRIVING LICENSE was last modified: June 20th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:castlefinforged licenseJudge Paul KellyMervyn Stewartreferee
Kilcar captain Mark McHugh celebrates earlier this season when Kilcar won the All-Ireland Gaeltacht title, he’ll be hoping he gets his hands on the Dr Maguire later next month.The clash between current Donegal SFC champions Glenswilly and Kilcar is without doubt the most intriguing match down for decision this weekend.Glenswilly narrowly defeated Kilcar at the quarter-final stage of the championship last year, after both sides progressed from the same group.There was annoyance expressed from both clubs last season, when despite the fact they played each other in the group stages, they met again at the quarter-final stage. That won’t happen this year as the county board have decided that teams who faced each other in the groups will be kept apart in the last eight.Glenswilly had a fantastic season last year, after their championship success they embarked on a fairy-tale run in the Ulster SFC, reaching the final before being defeated by a strong Ballinderry side.Kilcar have had a fantastic season and currently sit top of the All-County League Division One table.They also landed the All-Ireland Gaeltacht title earlier in the year. They’ve been knocking at the door for a number of years, and many feel they’re primed to end their drought and win the Donegal SFC this season.A quick look at their squad and you can see the quality they possess in their ranks.Patrick McBrearty, Stephen McBrearty, Mark McHugh, Ryan McHugh, Eoin McHugh, Michael Hegarty, Ashley Carr and Ciaran McGinley are all top players who will have a big bearing on whether or not Kilcar will be successful this season.Glenswilly will again look to Michael Murphy and Neil Gallagher for inspiration, but they’ll be ably assisted by Gary McFadden, Ciaran Bonner and Caolan Kelly.It promises to be a cracking match and with home advantage Glenswilly will be fancied. However, Kilcar have a great squad and players desperate for success, and have enough quality to go to Glenswilly and win.VERDICT – KILCARDONEGAL SFC PREVIEW: GLENSWILLY V KILCAR was last modified: September 26th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Donegal SFCglenswillykilcarnewsSport
3 October 2011 Pick n Pay group enterprises head Dallas Langman said the first store is approximately 4 000 square metres in area and will offer over 16 000 different products, including clothing. Supporting local suppliers “We plan to open stores in Malawi and Angola in the future,” Langman said. “We are set to continue along this expansion path in a planned and deliberate way.” Pick n Pay’s expansion into Mauritius follows its first store opening in Mozambique in June and its second store opening in Zambia in March. Last year, the retailer also announced the purchase of a further 24% of Zimbabwean operation TM Supermarkets, increasing its shareholding to 49%. Pick n Pay’s entry into Africa has mainly been through partnering with locals and via the franchise route, where local experts own the franchise in their own communities. “Based on our comprehensive research and assessment, Mauritius has one of the most successful and competitive economies in Africa, providing further impetus for our investment into the country,” Langman said in a statement this week. “The Mauritian stores will be run by franchisees and will be a significant drawcard through its offering of an appealing array of products to Mauritian residents and tourists,” Langman said. Langman said that one of the main benefits to the local economy would be through employment, and that the first store would employ approximately 100 local residents. This figure would increase as the company opened more stores in the country. “Finding local suppliers and entrepreneurs requires determination and effort but it is integral to our model,” he said. “It is our intention to ensure that local farmers and suppliers are supported as much as possible in order to stimulate further economic growth in Mauritius.” However, there are instances, such as with stores in Zambia, where the company will develop corporate-owned stores. He added that the group aimed to support local suppliers as much as possible. South African retailer Pick n Pay has opened its first store in Mauritius, at the Bagatelle Mall outside the capital, Port Louis, and is to open a second store on the island nation next year, as part of its African expansion strategy. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest If you haven’t considered hunting turkeys this time of year, you have 11 more reasons to do so this season. That’s how many counties have been added to the list of those open to the autumn opportunity this year. Hunters this month and next have their choice of 67 counties in which to pursue turkeys, and that includes hens and poults, as well as the mature “sway-beard” male gobblers that are pursued with such a passion each spring.While there are pockets of intense autumn turkey hunting followers and activity here in Ohio, such as in Ashtabula County, where avid hunters have special “turkey” dogs to hound their prey, most of the turkeys that are harvested in the fall are taken as “by catch” by deer and small game hunters who purchase a fall turkey tag to have in pocket in the event a turkey presents itself while they are pursuing their primary targets. Many hunters feel that $24 is a small price to pay for the opportunity that lasts for six weeks. I’m one — and now look forward to harvesting a turkey this fall in a newly opened county where I already hunt deer and am already in the woods hoping for a whitetail.Ohio hunters can pursue wild turkeys in 11 more counties this autumn than in years past, for a total of 67, during a six-week season that opens Saturday, Oct. 14 through Sunday, Nov. 26. Gobblers, poults and hens are legal game during the fall wild turkey season, but only one turkey of either sex may be harvested during the season. A valid Ohio hunting license and a fall turkey hunting permit are required to participate in the autumn opportunity that is open from 30 minutes before sunrise until sunset daily. Shotguns using shot, as well as crossbows and longbows, are permitted, and turkeys must be checked by 11:30 p.m. on the day the bird is harvested.Hunters must make their own game tag to attach to a turkey, and can use any material (cardboard, plastic, paper, etc.) as long as it contains the hunter’s name, date, time, and county of the kill. Go to the Turkey Hunting Resources page at wildohio.gov for more information on changes to the game check process.Also, all successful hunters must report their turkey harvest using the automated game-check system, which is available online and by phone seven days a week, including holidays. Hunters with a turkey permit have three options to complete the game check:• Online at ohiogamecheck.com;• Call 877-TAG-ITOH (824-4864); or• Visit a license agent. A list of agents can be found at wildohio.gov or by calling 800-WILDLIFE (945-3543).Landowners exempt from purchasing a turkey permit, and others not required to purchase a turkey permit, cannot use the 877-TAG-ITOH option. Landowners and others not required to obtain a permit have the following game-check options:• Online at ohiogamecheck.com;• Visit a license agent; or• Call 866-703-1928 for operator assisted landowner game-check (a convenience fee of $5.50 applies).The Division of Wildlife advises turkey hunters to wear hunter orange clothing when entering, leaving, or moving through hunting areas to remain visible to others. The list of open counties and other details regarding fall wild turkey hunting can be found in the 2017-2018 Ohio Hunting and Trapping Regulations or at wildohio.gov.For more from Ermitage visit: buckeyesportman.com.
Enter Building Science Corporation’s new ventilation standardSherman may be correct about ASHRAE 62.2 being the “only national consensus standard document there is,” but that doesn’t mean that resistance is futile. Joe Lstiburek and Building Science Corporation (BSC) are about to release their own residential ventilation standard. That’s right. We’re about to have competing standards in the marketplace.Here’s a quick overview of the features in BSC’s new ventilation standard, which is still in draft form:It’s for new, code-compliant homes only.The formula is similar but yields lower ventilation rates than ASHRAE 62.2-2013.The rate gets modified by 3 parameters: balance, distribution, and mixing.There’s no infiltration credit.There’s no adjustment in ventilation rates for different climate zones.There’s no provision for ventilation based on sensors of CO2, relative humidity, or any other indoor air components.It has other requirements similar to 62.2 (intermittent ventilation, local exhaust, garage separation, filtration…)New homes. Having the standard apply only to new homes throws the infiltration credit out the window and leaves existing homes on their own regarding the need for mechanical ventilation. That makes it easier to have a good standard because it isn’t trying to do too many things.Ventilation rates. Here’s the main formula in the draft BSC standard:Qv = 0.01 Afloor + 7.5 (Nbr + 1)To say it in words, the ventilation required (Qv) is 1 cfm for each 100 square feet of conditioned floor area (Afloor) plus 7.5 cfm per person. The number of people is defined as the number of bedrooms (Nbr) plus 1.This formula is identical to the formula for 62.2-2010. It’s lower than 62.2-2013 because that standard requires:Qv = 0.03 Afloor + 7.5 (Nbr + 1)Now that’s not the final result for the BSC ventilation rate because you have to factor in what type of ventilation system is being installed. If it’s a balanced system and the air is distributed, you use the number straight from the formula. If it’s balanced but not distributed (defined as delivering ventilation air to the common area and each bedroom), multiply by 1.25. If it’s not balanced but distributed, you multiply by 1.25. If it’s neither balanced nor distributed, you multiply by 1.5. The table below, from the BSC standard, shows how it works.Note also that in addition to balance and distribution, mixing of the air in the home can affect the ventilation rate. If the home has all three — balanced and distributed ventilation with air-mixing — it knocks the required ventilation rate down by 25%. The result of all this is that a three-bedroom, 2,500-square-foot home, which would need 55 cfm to meet 62.2-2010 and 105 cfm to meet 62.2-2013, would need anywhere from 41 cfm to 83 cfm under the BSC standard.Infiltration credit. This has been one of the thorniest issues in 62.2. It’s basically there because of weatherization programs that air-seal existing homes and need to know at what airtightness should they add a mechanical ventilation system. As I mentioned above, Lstiburek disagrees with the premise that a blower door can tell you how much ventilation a home needs. They sidestep the whole issue of existing homes, though, by making a standard for new homes only.In 62.2, the infiltration credit applies to both new and existing homes. The committee has decided that air leaking into the house through random holes in the building enclosure can qualify as ventilation air. Even though that standard is titled “Ventilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Low-Rise Residential Buildings,” there’s no IAQ justification for allowing infiltration to count as ventilation. The infiltrating air could be coming from the garage or the attic or the vented crawl space. Air from those places generally makes indoor air quality worse, not better.Climate zones and sensors. The new BSC standard includes no provisions for adjustments based on climate zones. According to Lstiburek, you can make a convincing argument that cold climates need more ventilation, but you also can make a convincing argument that hot, humid climates need more ventilation. In the end, he says, it’s best to have a one-size-fits-all standard and leave the variations to the occupants.On the topic of CO2 or relative humidity sensors controlling the ventilation systems, Joe wrote a while back, “CO2 and humidity are not good proxies for good air quality. They are better than nothing. But not much better.” So the BSC standard has no provisions for changing the ventilation rate based on those factors.Kitchen and bath exhaust fan. One difference between ASHRAE and BSC is that the kitchen and bathrooms must have occupant-controlled exhaust fans, not continuously operating exhaust fans. Unlike 62.2, the BSC standard does not allow continuous fan operation at a lower rate. “Get the stuff out quickly and effectively. Then turn these fans off,” Joe said. Game onAs with the competition for adoption between BPI’s and ACCA’s energy audit standards, soon BSC will be giving ASHRAE some competition for residential ventilation standards. You can read a lot of the details of the debate between Max Sherman and Joe Lstiburek in Martin Holladay’s article, but so far it’s all been over what should and should not be included in ASHRAE 62.2.With a competing standard soon to appear in the marketplace, organizations looking for guidance will have alternatives beyond just adopting 62.2 or not. Joe is confident that his new standard will get adopted in more places than 62.2. As Joe told me recently, “In the marketplace of ideas, better ideas will win.”In fact, I think he’s really looking forward to the battle. His response to Max Sherman’s statement that “resistance is futile” is, “Game on.” Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. “ASHRAE 62 is the only national consensus standard document there is. Follow 62.2. Resistance is futile.” So said Dr. Max Sherman last summer in a presentation for the Building America Technical Update meeting. (Download pdf official report here.) That statement about resistance being futile isn’t generally a line you want pinned to you if you’re trying to win hearts and minds, but I asked Sherman about it. There’s a whole lot more to the story, too, so read on.“Resistance is futile.” Martin Holladay dug up this quote for his article on the battle over residential ventilation recently. When I asked Sherman about it, he told me that he used it to “indicate that rather than try to make 62.2 go away it was better to work the ASHRAE process to propose improvements.”At first, I thought his saying that “Resistance is futile” was quite illuminatingâ€ , perhaps putting him in league with the Borg. I wasn’t at the meeting, however; according to Sherman, “The tone was light and bantering not overbearing or borgish.” The stage is setThe details about the residential ventilation battle have been covered extensively here and at Green Building Advisor several times already this year (see my list of related articles below), including in Martin Holladay’s recent article, How Much Fresh Air Does Your Home Need? Martin’s article has dozens of comments, including at least 9 from people at the highest levels of the battle (Joe Lstiburek, Paul Francisco, and Paul Raymer). And of course, you should read Joe’s article, Unintended Consequences Suck, for his take on how ASHRAE has gone off-course with the 62.2 standard.To recap, ASHRAE 62.2 is the residential ventilation standard used by some programs and building/energy codes. It uses either a formula or a table to determine the amount of mechanical ventilation needed in low-rise residential buildings. The 2010 version automatically included an infiltration credit of 2 cfm per 100 square feet of conditioned floor area. The 2013 version took out the infiltration credit, and only made the credit available to homes that can prove that they are leaky enough to deserve it. Thus, the 2013 version yields higher ventilation rates than the 2010 version.Many people already thought the 2010 version called for ventilation rates that were too high. In hot humid climates, more ventilation means more moisture that must be dealt with. In cold climates, more ventilation means more heating.Here’s a quick look at the required rates in the last two versions of 62.2. A three-bedroom, 2,500-square-foot house would need 55 cfm according to 62.2-2010. The same house would need 105 cfm in the 62.2-2013 version.In addition, Joe Lstiburek has argued that a blower door can’t tell you how much ventilation you need in a house. “Fact is that you don’t know where the holes are with a blower door test. You don’t know the pressures across those holes. You don’t know the nature of the holes,” wrote Joe in a comment addressed to Michael Blasnik in that article.Lstiburek also pointed out in another comment that we don’t have research data relating blower door results, ventilation rates, and indoor air quality. “No epi studies were done… This has all been guess work. No health studies exist. No baselines have ever been measured.” Without data, he says, any ventilation rates we propose are mere guesses.Suffice it to say that the battle has been heated. Max Sherman and Joseph Lstiburek, both with PhDs and heavy credentials in the world of building science, have been on opposite sides of the issue for years. Now, the battle is about to enter a new phase. Standards, codes, and programsStandards are recommendations only. A lot of organizations make standards. Sometimes different organizations make competing standards. Take the case of BPI’s existing home energy audit standard and the flack they’ve gotten from ACCA, ICC, AHRI, and 10 other organizations. What matters is which standard gets adopted by building codes and programs.Currently, ASHRAE 62.2 is used in several places, mainly because it’s been the only show in town. It’s deeply embedded in the Energy Star Homes program, with many requirements therein taken straight from 62.2-2010. RELATED ARTICLES How Much Fresh Air Does Your Home Need?An Interview with Dr. Joseph Lstiburek ASHRAE 62.2 Committee Chair Defends Ventilation StandardAn Interview with Dr. Iain Walker on Ventilation Designing a Good Ventilation SystemHRV or ERV?Ventilation Rates and Human HealthVentilation Requirements for Weatherized HomesWhat is the Deal with Ventilation Requirements? GBA Encyclopedia: Ventilation Choices Just Right and Airtight Unintended Consequences Suck Footnoteâ€ In an ongoing discussion on ventilation in the Building Science Community group on LinkedIn, Sherman has taken to calling unspecified opponents of his ideas the “illuminati.” For example, he wrote that “the kind of sub-standard system certain illuminati argue for would be fine” if controlling odors were the only necessity. Ventilation quality gets recognizedOne of the most important aspects of this new standard is that it recognizes that not all ventilation systems are created equal. Exhaust-only ventilation relies entirely on random leaks in the building enclosure. Supply-only systems have numerous problems themselves. Balanced systems are the best, but they’re more expensive.ASHRAE 62.2 pays no heed to how well a system ventilates, however. Its main focus is on ventilation rates, which Lstiburek contends are not based on solid science. The new BSC standard “penalizes poor systems and rewards good systems,” Joe said. If the system “sucks and blows,” you can use a lower rate. If it sends the ventilation air throughout the house, you can use a lower rate. If the air in the house gets mixed well, you can use a lower rate. The launch of BSC-01As I mentioned above, this standard is still in draft form and hasn’t been released yet. Some details may change before the final release, but the bones of it are mostly in place now. The official launch of Building Science Corporation’s first standard, BSC-01, is set for early August, during the Westford Symposium on Building Science (affectionately known as Building Science Summer Camp, the official meeting of the Building Science “Illuminatiâ€ “).