A FiveThirtyEight Debate Whos Going To Win The World Series

25Milwaukee BrewersNLOct. 41463 26San Diego PadresNLOct. 41457 30Atlanta BravesNLOct. 41424 10Houston AstrosALOct. 141520 2Kansas City RoyalsALOct. 231558 neil_paine (Neil Paine, senior sportswriter): After the long season, it all comes down to the Royals and the Mets. So, first things first, let’s just put it out there: How do these two teams compare? Kansas City had a better regular-season record (95 wins vs. 90 for New York), but what do the deeper indicators say?hjenten (Harry Enten, senior political writer and huge baseball fan): Well, let me take the surface-layer answer here as a non-sportswriter (though one who follows some of the deeper statistics) — based off runs scored and allowed (i.e., the Pythagorean win formula), the teams are very close. The Royals should have won 90 games, while the Mets should have won 89 games.rob (Rob Arthur, baseball columnist): I would echo Harry and say that the teams are quite even. BaseRuns gives the Mets a small but significant edge, but the Royals relief corps plays up in the postseason, when they can use their top three relievers more.hjenten: I think that, of course, ignores the fact that the Mets were a far different team after they traded for Yoenis Cespedes in late July. The Mets went a combined .627 in August, September and October, while the Royals went .567.neil_paine: Rob, to your point, it seems like the Royals used “sequencing” to their advantage, but there may be reason to think that at least some of that is real and can persist in the World Series?rob: The Royals are a very contact-oriented team, with the lowest strikeout percentage in the majors by a large margin. They are also excellent against high-velocity fastballs, which pitchers often go to when they are in a jam. Those attributes may give them a tiny edge in terms of sequencing, but there’s no question that they’ve been overachieving as well.neil_paine: And for what it’s worth, it should probably be mentioned that the Royals played a tougher schedule (certainly during the regular season); Baseball-Reference.com’s Simple Rating System has the Royals ranked 10th in baseball in strength of schedule and the Mets 29th, which probably feeds into the difference in their Elo ratings even now: hjenten: Of course, the Mets just beat the team that had the NL’s best Elo rating going into the league championship series, the Cubs …neil_paine: That’s true — Elo gave the Cubs about a 60 percent chance of winning that series, and the Mets won (swept!!) anyway; now Elo gives KC a 55 percent chance of beating New York, so grain of salt and all that.Harry, you brought up a difference in the two teams as the season went on. Obviously the Mets added Cespedes at the trade deadline, but the Royals also did some dealing — some of which has worked out better than others.rob: The Royals grabbed Johnny Cueto and Ben Zobrist at the deadline. And while Zobrist has been his typical self — with a .933 postseason OPS (on-base plus slugging) — Cueto has not looked comfortable. It’s hard to tell how much of that is normal performance fluctuation and how much is real. There are reasons that Cueto might not be at his best: a new catcher in Salvador Perez, the fatigue of a long season and many innings, and the ever-present threat of a hidden injury.hjenten: Yes, and the Royals were actually slightly worse in the final few months of the year than they were overall. The Mets, on the other hand, were clearly better after those trades.neil_paine: How much of that do we think is because the Royals all but locked up the division and the playoffs so early? And maybe more to that point, how much credence do we give to playing your best baseball right now? Certainly that’s what the Mets seem to be doing.rob: I don’t put very much stock in the second-half stats, partially because the Mets put up those stats against the weakest second-half schedule in MLB. As for the more recent postseason performance, a lot of the Mets’ playoff run has been fueled by an insane stretch from Daniel Murphy, which likely will not continue.It’s also worth noting that Cespedes is injured, so if he’s the cause of their second-half surge, the Mets may be in trouble.hjenten: Well, here’s why I would put a little more trust in the late-season records. Yes, the Mets beat up on some crummy teams, but they also went 7-2 against the Nationals from July 31 on and more than whacked the ever-loving snuff out of some of those bad teams. They scored 320 runs and gave up 243 (a 103-win pace, according to Pythagoras); meanwhile, the Royals scored 290 and gave up 269 (an 87-win pace). In other words, NY was playing far better ball than KC over the season’s final two-plus months.And it’s not like Kansas City has dominated the postseason, either. If not for a miracle against Houston, they’d be sitting at home like we are. As for Cespedes — yeah, he got hurt in that final game, but I haven’t seen any signs that he’s not going to play. We’ll see.neil_paine: Since you guys mentioned Cueto, Murphy and Cespedes, let’s talk about the Mets’ hitting against the Royals’ pitching. I think we can all agree that Murphy will eventually cool down and stop hitting like a real-life Roy Hobbs, so where will the Mets’ offense come from when that happens? Do they have any players on cold streaks that might regress to the mean (in a positive way) and cover for Murphy?rob: One reason for Mets optimism is the fact that so many of their players have been underachieving in the postseason: David Wright, Lucas Duda and Travis d’Arnaud all spring to mind. So even if (when!) Murphy cools off, one of these guys might step it up. They have an OK offense by BaseRuns, so they shouldn’t need Murphy to be superhuman forever.hjenten: I think we’re obviously dealing with small sample sizes in the playoffs, but during the regular season, the Mets’ best hitter was not Daniel Murphy. D’Arnaud (who hit two homers in the NLCS) posted a 128 OPS+ in limited action, and Mike Conforto (who homered in the division series) had a 132 OPS+. Obviously Duda (132) and Cespedes (157) were also outstanding hitters. Duda had been in a slump, but he showed some signs of life in Game 4. To me, the offense is less of a question than whether Jacob deGrom, Thor and Matt Harvey can continue to pitch as well as they have been doing.neil_paine: We’ll certainly get to those three later, but before we do: Is KC’s rotation as concerning as it might seem? Can its dominating bullpen make up for it?rob: The Royals’ rotation is worrisome, especially with Cueto potentially being in trouble. But as you mentioned, Neil, the Royals have the tools to make up for their shaky starters: an incredible defense (best in MLB last year by a HUGE margin) and a top-notch group of relievers. Here, too, the Royals may be able to take advantage of sequencing, by putting their good relievers in at the moments when the lead is most threatened. (This relies on Ned Yost knowing when to put his best relievers in, but he’s been much improved in that regard of late — Game 6 of the ALCS aside.)I think it will come down to whether the Mets can chase the Royals starters early and expose the weaker members of the bullpen. Because once it gets to their best relievers in the late innings, the Royals become very hard to beat.hjenten: And the Mets bullpen, outside of Jeurys Familia, is quite troubling. Their eighth-inning man, Tyler Clippard, has been anything but steady, giving up three runs in 4 2/3 innings this postseason. (That’s after giving up 10 runs in 14 2/3 innings in September/October.) And their lefty specialist is Jon Niese, who was rubbish as a starter. I’d say their best pitcher out of the pen at this point (besides Familia) is Bartolo Colon. That’s never a good sign.rob: Don’t underestimate Fireman Bart!neil_paine: But we’d be remiss if we didn’t also point out that the Mets’ starting rotation of deGrom, Syndergaard, Harvey (you mentioned these guys earlier, Harry) and Steven Matz have been otherworldly in the postseason so far. I crunched the numbers, and New York is allowing the second-lowest playoff FIP (fielding independent pitching) — relative to the league average — of any pennant winner during the wild-card era (since 1995).Rob, you talked about the overwhelming velocity of New York’s starters when the Mets played the Cubs in the NLCS and how the strikeout-prone Cubs might have been particularly ill-equipped to deal with their heat. But now we almost have the polar opposite kind of lineup with the Royals.rob: Right, the Royals are contact-heavy. And there’s some limited evidence that they are better than average at hitting heat. So as far as the matchup between the Mets’ starters and KC’s lineup, this looks to be strength against strength, and it’s not at all clear how that battle will end up.It’s worth noting as well that temperature plays a significant role in offense, and it should be pretty chilly.hjenten: On the weather front: Going for a low of 49 in KC on Tuesday night, 40 on Wednesday night. 42 in NYC on Friday night. 45 on Saturday night. So it will not be warm.rob: Cold temperatures mean less offense, so when you mix the cold, high velocity and the quality Mets starters, we could see the Royals doing a lot more whiffing than they are used to.hjenten: The Mets’ great starting pitching is not a fluke, either. During the regular season, deGrom had a 2.70 FIP, Harvey 3.05, Syndergaard 3.25. Matz was the worst, with 3.61 in limited time — still 7 percent better than the NL average. That stands in contrast to the Royals’ starters (during their time with KC): Only Ventura (3.57 FIP) was better than any of the Mets starters were during the regular season.neil_paine: Through that lens, it looks like a pretty big mismatch of starting rotations.hjenten: Now, can the Royals, who hit for contact, avoid that? Maybe. As you mentioned, the home-run-hitting Cubs were the opposite of the Royals in that regard. The key for the Royals is to get into that Mets bullpen early. If they can, the Mets are in trouble.rob: And bear in mind that FIP won’t be totally fair to the Royals’ pitchers. Because their pitchers aren’t fielding-independent: Every liner they give up goes toward Lorenzo Cain or Alcides Escobar or some other, similar-competent defender.neil_paine: That’s a great point, Rob. Although relative to the league, the Royals in this postseason actually look worse by ERA than by FIP!hjenten: Here’s another thing. Compared with the regular-season numbers for deGrom (2.54 ERA), Harvey (2.71), Syndergaard (3.24) and Matz (2.27), the only Royals starter with a better ERA than any of them was Chris Young, at 3.06. No one else was under 3.50. (And it isn’t as though the average ERAs for the AL and NL were drastically different — the NL’s ERA was about a tenth of a run lower.)rob: Ha — well there goes that idea.neil_paine: We mentioned the cold and how it might not be conducive for hitting. Does this give an edge to a team like the Royals, who are pretty adept at the small-ball things that win one-run games? Or have we seen enough of that out of the Mets this postseason (even if it’s uncharacteristic, given their regular season) that it might not be as much of a lopsided matchup on the basepaths?hjenten: The Mets didn’t really run in the regular season, with only 51 stolen bases (worst in the NL). Meanwhile, the Royals stole 104 times (second in the AL). But in the postseason, you’re right, it’s different: The Mets have had nine steals, while the Royals have had seven. Cespedes can run, and Granderson can definitely run (three stolen bases in the NLCS).rob: In theory, the Mets have the baserunning edge anyway. That’s hard to believe when you look at specific players like Lorenzo Cain (who scored the series-winning run from first on a single in Game 6 of the ALCS), but bear in mind that Cain is counterbalanced to some extent by Kendrys Morales, Mike Moustakas and others.neil_paine: So it sounds like that won’t be as much of an edge for KC as it’s often made out to be.rob: Yep. I think a lot will hinge on the Royals’ appetite for (and execution of) those small-ball tactics (like sacrifice bunts) that are despised by modern sabermetrics. It works for them — or at least it has worked, over and over — but the percentages suggest that it isn’t helping them in the long run. We’ll have to see whether Kansas City’s magic runs out.hjenten: And all it takes is one play in the World Series.neil_paine: OK, so let’s bring it all the way back for the big picture on the Series itself. What are your predictions?rob: I will say Royals in seven, but let’s be realistic: A 55 percent favorite (as Elo estimates) is barely a favorite at all. The outcome is almost certainly within the margin of error of any publicly available forecasting tool.So it will not surprise me whichever way this goes. And after this postseason, I am just excited to see some more weird baseball.hjenten: I also want to say the Royals in seven. But to be different, I will say Mets in five.neil_paine: OK, you heard it here first — Royals in seven … maybe.Thanks for chatting, guys, and we’ll be back later in the World Series. See you then! 1Toronto Blue JaysALOct. 231565 12San Francisco GiantsNLOct. 41516 7Los Angeles DodgersNLOct. 151530 17Tampa Bay RaysALOct. 41502 9Texas RangersALOct. 141523 11Baltimore OriolesALOct. 41517 19Arizona DiamondbacksNLOct. 41487 23Oakland AthleticsALOct. 41465 8Cleveland IndiansALOct. 41523 RANKTEAMLEAGUELAST PLAYEDELO RATING 13New York YankeesALOct. 61516 16Boston Red SoxALOct. 41509 14Los Angeles Angels of AnaheimALOct. 41511 Why should politics get to have all the fun with chats? In preparation for the World Series, which starts Tuesday, we summoned the biggest baseball obsessives on FiveThirtyEight’s staff to Slack to talk about the New York Mets and Kansas City Royals. As usual, the transcript below has been lightly edited. 5Chicago CubsNLOct. 211546 20Seattle MarinersALOct. 41487 29Cincinnati RedsNLOct. 41436 15Washington NationalsNLOct. 41509 28Philadelphia PhilliesNLOct. 41437 22Detroit TigersALOct. 41466 21Chicago White SoxALOct. 41478 27Colorado RockiesNLOct. 41450 3Pittsburgh PiratesNLOct. 71554 6St. Louis CardinalsNLOct. 131542 18Minnesota TwinsALOct. 41500 24Miami MarlinsNLOct. 41463 4New York MetsNLOct. 211546 read more

Mens volleyball No 2 Ohio State sharp in rout versus rival Ball

Junior outside hitter Maxime Hervoir serves during a match against #7 Fort Wayne at St. John Arena on Thursday, March 23. The Buckeyes won the match, 3-0.The No. 2 Ohio State men’s volleyball team (23-1, 12-0 MIVA) notched another win on its belt, sweeping rival No. 11 Ball State University (15-7, 6-5 MIVA) in straight sets on Saturday in St. John Arena.The win for the Buckeyes keeps them perfect in Midwestern Intercollegiate Volleyball Association play for the season and atop the MIVA standings. The Ball State Cardinals’ third straight MIVA loss keeps them slotted at fifth best in the conference standings.“I thought we had a really, really sharp and energetic practice yesterday. I saw a lot energy in the guys. Their spirits were up,” OSU coach Pete Hanson said. “I really felt like that was going to carry over into tonight, and it really did.”After trading back-and-forth points to begin the match, OSU began to pull away after a 5-1 run to take the lead 13-8. Two more three-point runs gave the Buckeyes a 22-13 lead. An attacking error from freshman outside hitter Ball State’s Matt Szews sealed the team’s fate in the first frame, losing 25-16.The Buckeyes’ attacking regime proved to be too strong for the Cardinals defense, as Ball State could only dig five balls in the first set. Coming into the match, Ball State was averaging 9.14 digs per set as the sixth-ranked team in that statistic in the country.The second set started off close and remained tied at 8. A three-point run gave the Buckeyes the lead 13-9. Three kills and two aces from junior outside hitter Nicolas Szerszen helped OSU eventually win the set, 25-15.For the second time during the night, the Buckeyes tallied nine digs and 2.5 blocks. This time, OSU’s defensive efforts kept Ball State’s attacking rate to .045. Senior opposite hitter Miles Johnson and Szerszen both put four balls a piece to the hardwood, while the entire Buckeye squad swung at a rate of .500 in the second frame.“You could just sense that they were eager to play. They were excited to play,” Hanson said. “I thought all the guys were energized tonight. I’m real happy for them, and they just played a real nice match.”After intermission, the Buckeyes took four straight points with the help of two service aces from junior outside hitter Maxime Hervoir. Points continued to be scarce for the Cardinals as they faced a 14-8 deficit midway through the third set. The Cardinals had a late set surge but their efforts fell short, losing the final set 25-19.“I’m trying to improve my level because the championship is so close,” Hervoir said. “We’ll need everybody to be at maximum in May. So, I’m trying to take responsibilities and be ready for these great games.”For the first time all season, the Cardinals did not stuff their opponent in the match. Before Saturday, Ball State was slotted No. 4 in the country in blocks per set with 2.55.“The bottom line is our passers did a great job,” Hanson said. “Anytime you have multiple options and you’re passing well, if your setters are doing a good job and your hitters are executing, you’re probably going to beat up the blockers and the diggers. The offense is at an advantage.”The Buckeyes are back in action again on Tuesday against Big Ten rival No. 13 Penn State in University Park, Pennsylvania, at 7 p.m. read more

Del Bosque positive over Spains World Cup hopes

first_imgVicente Del Bosque is “positive” that Spain can compete for a second world title in Russia after an unbeaten qualifying campaignThe 2010 World Cup winners won nine and only drew one in their qualifying campaign as they took 28 points from a possible 30, in a group that had contained the likes of Italy, Albania, Israel, Macedonia and Liechtenstein.Spain followed up the strong qualifying campaign up with a 1-1 friendly draw with current World champions Germany away from home, before thrashing Argentina 6-1 in March.La Roja are considered to be the third favourites for Russia and Del Bosque, who won the World Cup and European championship during his time in charge of Spain, is confident that they can go all the way.“Let’s see. Spain has done well recently, they did a really good job in the qualifying games with great results, almost a perfect qualification,” he told Omnisport, via FourFourTwo.David Villa, SpainQuiz: How much do you know about David Villa? Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Time to test your knowledge about Spanish legendary forward David Villa.“And then we have faced big teams like Germany, France, England, Argentina, Belgium… and we have been better than them. So, that makes me be positive thinking about the future.“There is not any recipe to play the World Cup. The most important thing is to keep doing what we already have done in the last two years.”As for his successor at the national team, Del Bosque added: “I think he [coach Julen Lopetegui] has done a really good job making a really good group. And apart from that, he has done a really good job developing his own style.”Spain will next play Tunisia on Saturday as they continue their preparations for the World Cup.last_img read more

Cards Play Host to Florida State Friday

first_imgFreshman Sergio Hernandez holds the Cards’ top singles record at 13-2, playing primarily at No. 4 and No. 5, while Gomez and Salle have each registered 10 singles victories apiece. Florida StateSeries Record: Florida State leads 5-0Last Meeting: March 29, 2018 – Florida State won 6-1 in Tallahassee, Fla. Scouting the Seminoles: Florida State (13-5, 3-2) is currently riding a three-match win streak after upsetting then-No.11 Notre Dame 4-3 at home on March 17. The Seminoles are led by No. 84 Lucas Poullain, who holds a dual match record of 10-1, including a 5-1 mark at the one-spot. Alex Knaff also owns a strong singles mark of 9-5 and is undefeated at No. 1 with four wins. In doubles, Sebastian Arcila and Knaff are 5-3 in dual match action with a 5-2 mark on court one. Knaff has also paired with Aziz Dougaz in doubles play, and the duo was tabbed at No. 60 in the latest ITA rankings with a record of 2-2 at No. 1.  Against Wake Forest, Federico Gomez and Clement Filho defeated the Demon Deacons’ No. 2 doubles pair of Siddhant Banthia and Melios Efstathiou 6-3, while Fabien Salle picked up a win at No. 4 singles against NC State. Story Links LOUISVILLE, Ky. – After two matches on the road, the University of Louisville men’s tennis team returns home to the Bass-Rudd Tennis Center on Friday at 3:30 p.m. for an ACC matchup against No. 27 Florida State. Up NextThe Cardinals will welcome Miami to the Bass-Rudd Tennis Center on Friday, March 29 at 1:30 p.m.center_img About Louisville Men’s Tennis The Cardinals (12-7, 1-4 ACC) fell to a pair of ranked opponents last weekend in North Carolina. Louisville was defeated 4-0 by defending national champion and then-No. 2 Wake Forest before falling to then-No. 27 NC State 4-1. “We look forward to the Florida State match,” said UofL head coach Rex Ecarma. “We’ve put in some extra work to prepare and hope we can play as well in the match as we have been in practicing. The FSU coach and I have been coaching a long time and know how crucial the details are in important matches.” In doubles, Salle and Christopher Morin-Kougoucheff boast Louisville’s top record at 8-4, including seven wins at the one-spot. George Hedley and Brandon Lancaster have tallied six wins from courts one and two.  Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

Are some governments taking peak oil seriously

first_img More information: Terry Macalister and Lionel Badal, “Peak oil alarm revealed by secret official talks,” The Observer (August 22, 2010).Stefan Schultz, “‘Peak Oil’ and the German Government,” SPIEGEL ONLINE (September 1, 2010). World crude oil production may peak a decade earlier than some predict Those who contend that peak oil is a very real problem that we need to concerned about push for the development of alternative energy solutions that are renewable, and not in danger of eventual decline. Opponents of the idea of peak oil insist that we are nowhere near any point of decline, and that there is nothing to worry about. Some even call those bring attention to peak oil “alarmists.”However, it appears that some governments are starting to seriously consider the merits of peak oil. Publicly, officials in Britain’s Department of Energy and Climate Change downplay worries about Peak Oil. However, an adviser to the department has requested information about peak oil, and the Guardian reports that there was a peak oil workshop in the not-to-distant past that involved the DECC, Ministry of Defense and the Bank of England. Indications are that some officials in Britain really are considering the possible impacts of peak oil — and thinking about contingency plans should peak oil turn out to be disruptive on an economic and military scale.Britain isn’t the only government interested, either. In Germany, a military study addresses the possible impacts that peak oil could have. A leaked draft of the report by the Bundeswehr Transformation Center was seen by SPIEGEL ONLINE:It warns of shifts in the global balance of power, of the formation of new relationships based on interdependency, of a decline in importance of the western industrial nations, of the “total collapse of the markets” and of serious political and economic crises. While the leaked document was confirmed in its existence, German officials insist that it hadn’t been edited, and that it wasn’t meant to published. Even so, the existence of the report indicates that another government is concerned about the implications that peak oil, if we really are approaching such a point, could have on a worldwide scale.Whether or not you believe that peak oil is a pressing problem, it is interesting to note that some governments are starting to take the issue seriously — and even look for ways to avoid disaster that could come. Image source: Trevor MacInnis via Wikimedia Commons Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — One of the arguments that some bring up in defense of alternative energy is that of “peak oil.” The idea behind peak oil is that, as a fossil fuel in limited supply, eventually we will reach a point where oil production hits its maximum capability — and then begins to decline. Because there aren’t endless supplies of oil, and because it is a finite resource, the idea is that we will reach a tipping point at which it becomes impossible to continue increasing oil production. Some even contend that we’re already there. Citation: Are some governments taking ‘peak oil’ seriously? (2010, September 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-09-peak-oil.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Is culture or cognition really responsible for language structure

first_img Historical context guides language development More information: Evolved structure of language shows lineage-specific trends in word-order universals, Nature (2011) doi:10.1038/nature09923 Explore further Citation: Is culture or cognition really responsible for language structure? (2011, April 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-04-culture-cognition-responsible-language.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Captive mice and native mice dont care to breed together study finds

first_img © 2014 Phys.org The evolution of personality (Phys.org) —A combined team of researchers from the University of Melbourne and the organization Wildlife Conservation and Science has found that mice grown in captivity don’t necessarily breed with mice living in their natural environment—a finding that could have an impact on programs designed to increase diversity in wild populations. In their paper published in Royal Society Biology Letters, the researchers describe their study and results and suggest that there could be broad implications regarding what they found. Credit: Martha Sexton/public domain For many years, wildlife experts have grown animals in captivity, bred them to increase their numbers, and then released some of the offspring into the wild. The aim has been to increase populations at risk by adding to their numbers and by increasing genetic diversity. But now, it appears, such programs may not be meeting with as much success as has been hoped because at least one species, common house mice, don’t breed very freely between native mice and those raised in captivity.The experimenters enlisted the assistance of 108 captive mice, which they note were heaver than their native cousins due to a family history of living in captivity—they’d been living that way for three generations. The captive mice were then placed in a semi-native environment with an equal number of mice that had been caught in the wild for use in the study. The mice were left to their own devices for twenty weeks, after which time, the researchers captured, counted and tested offspring that had been born during that time. They found that of the 189 that were produced, just 17 percent of the pups were the result of breeding between captive mice and those brought in from the wild.The researchers can’t say for certain why the two mice populations didn’t breed as much together as had been expected but speculate that it might have been due to differences in phenotypes, smell or other physical factors, or because of differences in behavior. They plan to continue the study, watching more closely as the mice procreate to see if they can find the true reason. In the meantime, the findings by the team are likely to cause other such studies to be undertaken with other species to determine if releasing captive animals into the field is actually having the desired impacts. Explore furthercenter_img Journal information: Biology Letters More information: Assortative mating among animals of captive and wild origin following experimental conservation releases, Biology Letters, Published 19 November 2014. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0656ABSTRACTCaptive breeding is a high profile management tool used for conserving threatened species. However, the inevitable consequence of generations in captivity is broad scale and often-rapid phenotypic divergence between captive and wild individuals, through environmental differences and genetic processes. Although poorly understood, mate choice preference is one of the changes that may occur in captivity that could have important implications for the reintroduction success of captive-bred animals. We bred wild-caught house mice for three generations to examine mating patterns and reproductive outcomes when these animals were simultaneously released into multiple outdoor enclosures with wild conspecifics. At release, there were significant differences in phenotypic (e.g. body mass) and genetic measures (e.g. Gst and F) between captive-bred and wild adult mice. Furthermore, 83% of offspring produced post-release were of same source parentage, inferring pronounced assortative mating. Our findings suggest that captive breeding may affect mating preferences, with potentially adverse implications for the success of threatened species reintroduction programmes. Citation: Captive mice and native mice don’t care to breed together, study finds (2014, November 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-11-captive-mice-native-dont.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Homecoming for Christina on The Voice

first_imgSinger Christina Aguilera is thrilled to be back on reality TV singing competition The Voice after her maternity leave, and says that it is like ‘coming home’ to an ‘awesome family’. “It’s always fun coming back to the show. It’s like, you know, these guys are like brothers. It’s like coming home to a very oddly dysfunctional, awesome family. They keep me laughing. “I honestly don’t know what I would do if I came back and Blake and Adam were not here because I would get so bored probably,” she said, reports femalefirst.co.uk.last_img read more

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