RGSB reveals proposals for UK problem gambling strategy 19th February 2019 | By contenteditor The Responsible Gambling Strategy Board (RGSB) has included a compulsory levy for the industry and a call to treat gambling advertising the same as alcohol and tobacco among its recommendations for the UK Gambling Commission’s new National Strategy.Due for publication in April, the strategy will set out how the national regulator intends to enhance its consumer protection efforts and create a safer gambling environment for players from 2019 until 2022.The RGSB has put forward a series of recommendations on what it perceives as the priorities to reduce gambling-related harm in the UK, as well as the arrangements to implement the strategy effectively.These include a compulsory levy to replace the present voluntary arrangements and fund prevention, treatment and underpinning research on a greater scale, with a strong and transparent structure for the distribution of the funds raised.The RGSB is also keen for the Commission to treat gambling advertising the same as alcohol and tobacco, by considering appropriate controls and applying similar precautionary principles.Other RGSB proposals include shifting the focus from operators taking voluntary action to the Commission ordering companies to undertake measures, while the RGSB also says more clarity is needed as to which bodies are responsible for the implementation of prevention and treatment actions.Similarly, the RGSB says responsibility for the provision and quality assurance of treatment should rest with health departments, rather than a charity funded by voluntary donations, while also calling for problem gambling to be addressed the same way as other public health issues.The RGSB is also keen for the industry to stop making clear distinctions between ‘problem’ gamblers, those ‘at risk’ and other gamblers, saying people can move in and out of harm at different times.In relation to this, the RGSB calls for the strategy to have a coherent framework of prevention initiatives that would be overseen by the government. Particular focus should be on population groups at higher risk of harm, with awareness that the different characteristics of each group may require different approaches.However, the RGSB is keen for the Commission to take overall responsibility for the commissioning of necessary research to underpin the new strategy in order to ensure its success.Finally, the RGSB urges a major push to embed a culture of evaluation in both prevention and treatment, focusing on impact and not just process. The body calls for the Commission to review the steps already taken and identify what further could be done to protect consumers.RGSB chair Sir Christopher Kelly said: “We welcome the Commission taking responsibility for delivery of the next strategy and ensuring adequate and appropriate steps are taken to reduce gambling-related harms from the wide range of stakeholders from whom action will be required,” he said.“We believe that there is a significant opportunity to make real progress over the next few years.”The Gambling Commission will now consider this advice alongside comments submitted by industry stakeholders and the general public via a consultation that concluded on February 15.Helen Rhodes, programme director at the Gambling Commission, said: “Alongside the consultation responses we’ve received from a variety of stakeholders, RGSB’s advice is a significant step to develop and launch a strategy to deliver the greatest possible impact to further reduce gambling harms.” The move comes after the Gambling Commission last week launched a separate consultation to gather opinion on a series of planned regulatory changes it also said will help make online gambling fairer and safer in the UK. The regulator is seeking opinion from consumers, gambling businesses and other interested groups on three proposed measures related to consumer interaction, alternative dispute resolution and gambling blocking software. Email Address Regions: UK & Ireland Tags: Mobile Online Gambling Topics: Casino & games Legal & compliance Sports betting Bingo AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter The Responsible Gambling Strategy Board has included a compulsory levy for the industry and a call to treat gambling advertising the same as alcohol and tobacco among its recommendations for the Gambling Commission’s new National Strategy. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Bingo
Topics: Legal & compliance Sports betting Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Lawmakers in Washington State are to consider two new bills that have been introduced to legalise certain forms of sports wagering.Senate Bill 6277 is currently with the Senate Labor and Commerce Committee, while its accompanying House Bill, HB 2478, is with the House Commerce and Gaming Committee.SB 6277, also referred to as the Sports Wagering Act, would permit betting at authorised tribal casinos, card rooms and racetracks, as well as online.Sponsored by Republican Senators Curtis King and Ann Rivers, the bill sets out a 10% tax on sports betting revenue. All tax revenue collected from wagers placed on tribal land would be allocated to the tribe responsible for that area.Read the full story on iGB North America. Lawmakers in Washington State are to consider two new bills that have been introduced to legalise certain forms of sports wagering. Legal & compliance Email Address Washington State to consider new sports betting bills 17th January 2020 | By contenteditor Regions: US Washington AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter
Infinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc (INFINI.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2019 interim results for the half year.For more information about Infinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc (INFINI.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Infinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc (INFINI.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Infinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc (INFINI.ng) 2019 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileInfinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc is a mortgage banking institution in Nigeria offering mortgage lending and lines of credit. The company’s head office is in Abuja, Nigeria. Infinity Trust Mortgage Bank Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
“This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Admiral Tesco G A Chester | Tuesday, 21st April, 2020 Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. 29 June Yield on upcoming dividend (%) Yield on forecast dividend for following 12 months (%) Legal & General 23 April 2.6 G A Chester has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK owns shares of and has recommended GlaxoSmithKline and Unilever. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Admiral Group, British Land Co, Carnival, Diageo, DS Smith, Intertek, ITV, Landsec, Lloyds Banking Group, RELX, and Tesco. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. See all posts by G A Chester Passive income from FTSE 100 stocks seemed like the Holy Grail in recent years. Cash and bonds were paying next to nothing. But a portfolio of Footsie stocks appeared to offer the prospect of a high and steadily rising annual income. Generous dividend yields promised sustenance of infinite abundance. However, due to the coronavirus crisis, it seems like dividends are disappearing every day. Is it the end of the road for generating a passive income from FTSE 100 stocks?5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Dividend devastationAround a third of FTSE 100 companies have cut, suspended or cancelled their dividends in the year to date.These include popular passive income picks like Lloyds and the other big banks. Payouts have also gone at some blue-chip insurers, such as Aviva. Bumper dividends from housebuilders Barratt, Persimmon, and Taylor Wimpey have disappeared. As have payouts from commercial property giants British Land and Land Securities.Stacks of fellow former high-yielders, across a range of other sectors, are also currently dividend dead losses. Cruise ships group Carnival, packaging firm DS Smith, and broadcaster ITV to name but three.With so many dividends drying up at once, it’s a difficult time for any retiree drawing a passive income from a stocks portfolio. The situation’s also challenging for investors looking to build such a portfolio.Passive income in retirementFor retirees drawing income and no longer putting new money into the market, what’s to be done? It’s likely to depend on your circumstances.If your dividends provide you with extra luxuries, you may want to simply accept the reduced passive income stream from your remaining payers. And hang on to your non-payers, if you’re confident they’re capable of resuming their dividends in the not-too-distant future.If needs mustHowever, if your passive income from dividends is the means of paying a significant portion of your basic expenditure, you may have to consider selling one or more of your non-dividend-paying stocks to buy some that are still paying.There’s always a danger of jumping out of the frying pan and into the fire. But, if needs must, a fair number of companies have declared their intention to pay their scheduled dividends.Passive income for switchers and buildersAccording to dividenddate.co.uk, 11 FTSE 100 companies have upcoming ex-dividend dates. The table below shows the five highest yielders of these, with the yield on the dividend being paid, and the forecast yield for the following 12 months. 7 May I think these stocks are worth consideration by investors seeking immediate replacement income. But also by those looking to build a passive income portfolio.In addition, there are a number of other stocks that have no imminent ex-dividend date, but high yields on forecast 12-month payouts. These include BP, Shell, National Grid, SSE, British American Tobacco, and GlaxoSmithKline.Meanwhile, if you’re in the fortunate position of not having to chase just the highest yields, many Footsie stocks look attractive to me. Diageo and Unilever are two. Intertek, London Stock Exchange, and Relx, which all have imminent ex-dividend dates, are others.It’s a difficult time but, in my opinion, not the end of the road for generating a passive income from FTSE 100 stocks. 3.5 6.1 4 June 4.0 Morrisons Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Ex-dividend date 29 May Polymetal Image source: Getty Images. 3.8 I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. 8.9 Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! 3 July 21 May Passive income from FTSE 100 stocks: is this the end of the road? 4.9 7 May 2.2 2.8 Enter Your Email Address Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Payment date 21 May 5.7 1 June I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool.
The Lloyds Bank share price has crashed below 30p! Here’s what I think comes next for it Enter Your Email Address Image source: Getty Images. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” If things weren’t bad enough for the FTSE 100 banking biggie Lloyds Banking Group (LSE:LLOY), they just got even worse. Its latest financial results, released earlier in the week, are disappointing. The Lloyds Bank share price, which had been hovering around 30p, fell even further as a result. As I write it’s at 26.3p. Lloyds Bank share price falls on poor resultsLLOY has been flailing for a long time, but it’s now lower even by its own standards. Compared to its average level in 2020, the share price is down by 67%. The crash in the share price is understandable. Lloyds Bank reported a pre-tax loss as it made higher provisions. Even though a tax credit managed to keep the bank profitable after tax, the profit amount has shrunk compared to last year. 5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…There’s little in the outlook to encourage investors for the future either. It does point to “early signs of recovery in the Group’s core markets” but also adds that “the outlook remains highly uncertain”. I interpret this to mean that LLOY’s performance may continue to slump in the near future.The economy is still weak, for one thing. Further, with the furlough scheme set to be withdrawn in the coming months, the true economic impact of the pandemic will be understood only later. At any rate, it’s unlikely that borrowing will come back in a big way soon. Or deposits for that matter. Interest rates are low as well. In other words, banks are hit on all sides. It’s actually pricey nowSome investors could see value in the Lloyds Bank share price, which seems to be at low levels. But the better metric to consider is the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio, which is at 11.5 times for LLOY. Now this isn’t the highest P/E around, but considering that some better performing companies are trading at lower ratios, it actually looks expensive to me. Moreover, the results discourage income investors as well. With shrinking profits, it’s less likely to be able to pay dividends in the near future, even if the regulator gives it the green light. In any case, it mentions in the latest results that any dividend decisions will only be made at year-end. So the earliest that investors can hope for dividend resumption is 2021, which isn’t good news for the Lloyds Bank share price.Linked to the economic slumpIf the economic slump turns out to be a short-term one, it may well happen that banks bounce back quicker than expected. Initial data reports show that consumers have started spending again. But I wouldn’t bet on the recovery. In May, economists expected the UK’s GDP to increase by 5.5% as construction sites were reopened, but the actual increase turned out to be only 1.8%. So, there are arguments both ways. I’d much rather put my money in healthier growth stocks right now than risk the continued tumble in the Lloyds Bank share price. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. See all posts by Manika Premsingh I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Manika Premsingh | Saturday, 1st August, 2020 | More on: LLOY Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Manika Premsingh has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Lloyds Banking Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.
World Vision suspends Tradedoubler online affiliate programme Tagged with: Digital Howard Lake | 3 February 2006 | News World Vision has ended its affiliate program with Tradedoubler which ran over Christmas 2005 due to its “unprecedented success”. Tradedoubler say that World Vision has “unfortunately exhausted all available advertising budget and are unable to continue the activity”.The World Vision affiliate programme is suspended as of today, although it looks likely that the charity will resume the programme, which promoted its child sponsorship campaign, in the future following its success. The charity paid affiliates £25 for every new sponsor recruited.World Vision also used Tradedoubler to promote its alternative Christmas catalogue. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 15 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Meanwhile, Action Aid, Oxfam Unwrapped and Rehab Lotteries are all continuing their Tradedoubler affiliate programmes. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Ten RSF recommendations for the European Union Receive email alerts A simple question about the pay that former parliamentarians receive proved dangerous for Daniele Lupo, a reporter with the commercial TV channel La7. Mario Landolfi, who was communications minister in Silvio Berlusconi’s government in 2005 and 2006, responded to the question on 19 April by slapping Lupo in the face. Landolfi subsequently apologized during a TV broadcast but did not explain his behaviour.Showing an embarrassing photo proved dangerous for Giorgio Mottola, a reporter for “Report,” a current affairs programme on the public TV channel Rai 3. Mottola showed a sheet of paper with a photo of allegedly illegal construction projects in Ostia, a coastal resort near Rome, on 19 April to the head of Federbalneari, the national association of resort companies, and pressed him for a comment. The businessman finally responded by crumpling the sheet of paper against Mottola’s face.“These acts of aggression are a disturbing reminder of how the climate of hostility and contempt towards journalists in more and more European countries dangerously facilitates the passage from words to action, said RSF. Responding with violence to ordinary questions from journalists is simply unacceptable and unworthy of politicians and businessmen in a democratic country. We call on the Italian authorities to react quickly in order not to allow this kind of attack to go unpunished, as it would just encourage more violence of the same kind.” Ranked 52nd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2017 World Press Freedom Index, Italy is one of the European Union’s most dangerous countries for the media. Covering a mafia network or a criminal gang exposes reporters to often deadly risks. Help by sharing this information April 24, 2018 – Updated on April 25, 2018 Two Italian journalists attacked for asking questions RSF_en Screenshot from “Non e l’Arena” on TV channel La7 RSF and 60 other organisations call for an EU anti-SLAPP directive November 19, 2020 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the unacceptable behaviour of an Italian businessman and a former government minister who, in separate incidents last week, reacted violently to embarrassing questions from reporters. RSF calls for a response from the Italian authorities. Follow the news on Italy On eve of the G20 Riyadh summit, RSF calls for public support to secure the release of jailed journalists in Saudi Arabia to go further December 2, 2020 Find out more Organisation News ItalyEurope – Central Asia Condemning abuses ImpunityViolence News November 23, 2020 Find out more News News ItalyEurope – Central Asia Condemning abuses ImpunityViolence
NewsCommunityPoliticsInspiring Limerick leaders honoured by MayorBy Alan Jacques – April 4, 2019 1008 Facebook Email Linkedin Mayoral Reception which was accorded t, Dr. Jennifer McMahon ( spoken for by Claire Flynn, Limerick Mental Health ) Emma Langford ( spoken for by Valarie Dolan )and Sr. Helen Culhane ( spoken for by Philip Mortell, Chairman of the Board Limerick Greif Centre) by Cllr. Daniel Butler, Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Limerick in City Hall Merchants Quay. Picture: Keith WisemanMETROPOLITAN Mayor Daniel Butler this week honoured three women he described as “inspiring leaders in our city”.Emma Langford, well-known local musician, was honoured for her mental health advocacy and for also being a strong voice for Limerick across the globe.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Mayoral Reception which was accorded to Sr. Helen Culhane, Dr. Jennifer McMahon and Emma Langford by Cllr. Daniel Butler, Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Limerick in City Hall Merchants Quay. Picture: Keith WisemanSr Helen Culhane was honoured for her contribution to mental health and for contribution to Limerick society as a whole over her lengthy career characterised by caring for those who needed it.Finally, Dr Jennifer McMahon of University of Limerick was honoured for her work in the area of mental health and for her contribution to Limerick society herself a recording artist.Philip Mortell, chairperson of the Children’s Grief Centre spoke of Sr Helen’s lengthy career in Limerick. Outlining her relative late arrival into sisterhood Philip spoke of her work with organisations such as the Limerick Social Services Centre, Milford Care Centre and much more. It was out of her work with Milford Care Centre that she identified the need for support for children who lost their parents through death or who struggled with parental separation.Mayoral Reception which was accorded to Sr. Helen Culhane, Dr. Jennifer McMahon and Emma Langford by Cllr. Daniel Butler, Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Limerick in City Hall Merchants Quay. Picture: Keith WisemanClaire Flynn of the Limerick Mental Health Association spoke of the inspiring leader Dr Jennifer McMahon was as their chairperson having just recently stepped down. She described how she has lead the project in to a place of growth and strength never once looking for recognition.She also outlined her work with Jigsaw, in the community, the fact she is a published academic, a psychologist, recording artist having recently launch her a single under the name Jenni.“She is a true leader and as a woman she inspires me and encourages me,” she said.Valerie Dolan of Dolan’s Warehouse took to the stage to speak of her long relationship with Emma Langford outlining her consistent commitment to supporting local charities through her music and her voice. She said she consistently shares the story that is Limerick across the country and Europe as she prepares for her tour in Germany.Metropolitan Mayor of Limerick, Cllr Daniel Butler described these three ladies are leadersMayoral Reception which was accorded to Sr. Helen Culhane, Dr. Jennifer McMahon and Emma Langford by Cllr. Daniel Butler, Mayor of the Metropolitan District of Limerick in City Hall Merchants Quay. Picture: Keith Wisemanwho will inspire future leaders from our young people.“We should listen to what they have to say and more importantly how they say it. It all comes from a place that wants to make their city a better place looking for nothing in return.“In a time our city is in transition these three women have their fingers on the pulse of that change and we must follow them and support them to continue to be the great voices they are for our city,” Mayor Butler concluded. WhatsApp Advertisement Previous articleMC NOTN wants nothing more than your votes this Saturday night on Ireland’s Got TalentNext articleSocial Democrats hit out at Willie O’Dea’s ‘false’ accusations Alan Jacqueshttp://www.limerickpost.ie Twitter Print
Ten-year-old Audra Wilson listens to veteran Doug Frost talk about what Audra’s art work means to him. An artist will never truly know which piece of work will make an impact in someone’s life.That’s a lesson 10-year-old Audra Wilson found out first hand.When 38-year-old Army veteran Doug Frost looked at the artwork hung up at Cpl. Ray’s Coffee in early May, a trio of trees painted by Wilson caught his eye.Frost emailed Wilson’s private art teacher Shelly Brown and asked about the three watercolor paintings. Brown talked it over with Wilson and Wilson’s family and they agreed to give the artwork to Frost.On Thursday afternoon at the coffee shop, Wilson gave the Army veteran the trio of trees.“It meant a lot to me that it spoke to him like that,” Wilson said about giving the artwork to Frost.During Thursday’s exchange, it was also the first time Wilson and Frost met face-to-face.Wilson, a fourth grader at Compass Academy Charter School in Odessa, painted on three separate canvases a single tree with red, blue and yellow backgrounds.The three paintings together formed what she said were seasons of the year.However, those weren’t the same feelings that ran across the mind of Frost. The Army veteran said the trees reminded him of what it’s like for other veterans to come home from war.As a token of gratitude, Frost gave Wilson his deployment patch and a pin.Frost went on two deployments to Iraq. His final deployment was about eight months in 2011.Wilson said she appreciates the gifts from Frost, because she wasn’t anticipating a token in return.“I really didn’t expect it,” Wilson said. “It meant a lot to me.”Brown said she has taught private art lessons for the last five years. Wilson has taken classes from Brown for the past three years.Each year, Brown keeps the standard at eight kids for her six separate classes. Every class is an hour and half long with classes on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday.Brown said that she will possibly be accepting new students in August, but will allow the opportunity for her current students to re-enroll in her class before accepting new ones.“You don’t ever know when that’s going to happen,” Brown said about Wilson giving artwork to Frost. “Your real goal is to teach people how to reach other people through things they love. That doesn’t always happen.“I told the kids last week, ‘You don’t know when you are going to touch somebody.’ That’s the greatest thing about art. You do it for one thing and you think it’s something, but it speaks to someone else. That’s very difficult to teach.”Wilson said having the ability to give three pieces of artwork to a veteran gives her added incentive to continue being an artist.“It makes me think that maybe there are some other people that like my other pieces,” Wilson said. Pinterest Twitter Local News WhatsApp 10-year-old gives three watercolor paintings to Army veteran WhatsApp By Digital AIM Web Support – February 24, 2021 TAGS Twitter Facebook Facebook Pinterest Previous articleHIGH SCHOOL BASEBALL: Odessa High sweeps its way past San Angelo CentralNext articlePort Houston Weathers Historic Winter Storm Digital AIM Web Support
News UpdatesRule Of Reservation Prescribed For State Quota Seats Does Not Apply To The Seats Reverted from All India Quota: Bombay HC [Read Judgment] Nitish Kashyap17 Sep 2020 10:36 PMShare This – xThe High Court of Bombay at Goa has held that the rule of reservation prescribed for State quota seats does not apply to the seats reverted from All India Quota, though such seats are available to the State for allotment.Justice SC Gupte answered a split verdict delivered by the division bench of Justice MS Sonak and Justice DS Naidu in a writ petition filed by United Tribals Association…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe High Court of Bombay at Goa has held that the rule of reservation prescribed for State quota seats does not apply to the seats reverted from All India Quota, though such seats are available to the State for allotment.Justice SC Gupte answered a split verdict delivered by the division bench of Justice MS Sonak and Justice DS Naidu in a writ petition filed by United Tribals Association Alliance Society, wherein non-extension of the benefit of reservation (as per rule contained in the State’s Notification dated September 7, 2007) available for the seats from original State Quota to the reverted seats, is the subject matter of challenge. Case BackgroundThe controversy in this particular matter concerns admission to under-graduate medical seats in the State of Goa. Across the country, for admission to under-graduate medical courses, 15 per cent of total available seats are to be allotted by the Central Government under what is known as an ‘All India Quota’. These seats go by the uniform qualification/s applied in the country without reference to the laws of individual States concerning reservation. The remaining seats go under what is known as a ‘State Quota’. For seats under ‘State Quota’, reservation policies of respective State Governments apply. Many a times, seats under All India Quota are not filled in and remain vacant, and become available to individual States for allotment. Admittedly, under-graduate medical seats in Goa, were originally part of All India Quota and have been reverted to the State since they were not filled and are to be allotted by the State. The State has made different provisions for allotment of original State Quota seats, particularly, the reservation of 12 per cent for Scheduled Tribes in the State under Notification dated September 7, 2007, and for allotment of reverted seats (reverted from All India Quota), namely, the rule specified in Clause 4.37 of the Common Prospectus for Admission to First Year of Professional Degree Courses, Session 2020-2021 inter alia for MBBS course. Clause 4.37 provides that seats reverted from All India Quota have to be offered to general category students without any reservation. While Justice MS Sonak held that that the reverted seats should go by the stipulation made in Clause 4.37 of the Prospectus as the clause is very much a law made by the State in exercise of its executive power under Article 162 of the Constitution of India, just as the original Notification dated September 7, 2007 was.On the other hand, Justice Dama Seshadri Naidu held that the original rule of reservation, which applies to State Quota seats, would also apply to seats reverted to the State from All India Quota. These reverted seats are deemed to be seats from State Quota and must go by the State’s own stipulation of reservation, in particular, 12 per cent reservation for Scheduled Tribes contained in the Notification of 7 September 2007, Justice Naidu concluded.In view of this difference, under directions of the Judges, the matter was placed before the the Chief Justice, who referred the same to Justice Gupte.JudgmentSince both sides relied upon Article 15 of the Constitution of India in support of their respective arguments, Court observed- “Any reservation made for Scheduled Tribes in the matter of admission to medical colleges, such as the one we are concerned with in the present petition, would thus be protected notwithstanding the rule against discrimination contained in Article 15(1). That is, however, not to say that Article 15 mandates the State to make the particular reservation or, for that matter, any of the special provisions referred to in Clauses (3), (4) or (5) thereof. If the State were to choose not to make any reservation under these Clauses, its action cannot be faulted under Article 15.Simply put, this means that Article 15 countenances certain designated reservations or discriminations; it enables such reservations or discriminations on the part of the State; it does not mandate any such reservation or discrimination as a matter of compulsion. The Supreme Court, in the case of Gulshan Prakash (Dr.) Vs. State of Haryana , has affirmed this position in unequivocal terms.” After looking at both the said notification dated September 7, 2007, and the prospectus issued by the State, particularly, Clause 4.37 thereof, Court observed that both provisions, are made by the State in exercise of its executive power under Article 162 of the Constitution of India and are as much a law as any other provision made by the State in exercise of its legislative power. Justice Gupte said-“Rules of admission by the State, both by Notification of 7 September 2007 and Clause 4.37 of the prospectus, are laws made accordingly by the State in exercise of its executive power under Article 162. They are mandatory and uniformly enforceable. Even otherwise, that is to say, even if they or any of them were to be treated as simple executive orders, they are nevertheless legally binding and cannot be derogated from.”Advocate Abhijit Gosavi appeared for the petitioners and submitted that the rule is contrary to the State’s own policy of reservation as well as MCI Regulations. Court rejected the argument and observed-“This State policy, reflected in the Notification of 7 September 2007, is very much in pursuance of Entry 25 of List III of Schedule VII to the Constitution of India, though made in exercise of its executive power, extends over the entire legislative domain available to the State. The other provision made by the State, namely, Clause 4.37 of the prospectus, has also been made in exercise of the same executive power. There is nothing to suggest that both provisions cannot stand together. So long as both can hold the field, consistent with each other, there is no reason why the latter provision (clause 4.37 of the prospectus) should make way for the earlier (Notification of 7 September 2007).”Moreover,”Even if one were to treat these as seats of State Quota, there is nothing in law, which requires the State to make any particular reservation as far as these seats are concerned. The State is free to make a particular reservation for seats originally available to it under its quota for allotment; it is equally free to not make any reservation for seats which later become available to it as a result of their falling vacant after allotment of All India Quota.”As for MCI, Justice Gupte concluded that MCI has not prescribed any rule in this behalf, particularly, whether reverted seats should go by the same rule which applies to seats originally available to the State for allotment. That would be a matter for the State to decide, Court said.On the other hand, Advocate General cited four cases of the High Court bearing on the treatment to be accorded to reverted seats from All India Quota to the State. These are-(i) Dhondiba Munde Vs. State of Maharashtra (ii) Jigna Priyavadan Desai Vs. State of Maharashtra (iii) Dr. Shilpa Suresh Shinde Vs. State of Maharashtra(iv) Dr. Sameer Anant Deshpande Vs. State of MaharashtraThe above judgments imply that absent any contrary provision by the State, the reverted seats available to it for allotment have to be allotted on merit; they cannot be treated as State seats subject to reservation of the State. Finally, after examining the above judgments, Justice Gupte dismissed the petition and observed-“There is, accordingly, no merit in the contention of the Petitioners in so far as their challenge to Clause 4.37 of the prospectus is concerned. Rule of reservation prescribed for State Quota seats originally available to the State for allotment, does not apply to the seats reverted from All India Quota. Let the record be accordingly returned to the Division Bench with this opinion.”Click Here To Download Judgment[Read Judgment]Click Here To Download Judgment[Read Judgment] Next Story